Prof. Baba Saka

Prof. Baba Saka

PROFESSOR OF VIROLOGY AND CONSULTANT VIROLOGIST

UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI
FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, 600001

plus Speciality

VIROLOGY

Biography:

My names are Saka Saheed BABA presently a Professor of Virology and Consultant Virologist at University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria. I was born in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. I graduated DVM (1983), MSc Virology (1987) and PhD Virology (1991) from University of Ibadan, Nigeria. I had my postdoctoral research training in Neurovirology at Queen’s University at Kingston, Canada (1992-1994), in Fish Virology at Norwegian College of Vet. Medicine, Oslo, Norway (1996) and I was a ‘TWAS Associate Member and Visiting Professor at CINVESTAV, Mexico (1998-2001). I started my academic career at University of Maiduguri in 1985 and became a Professor of Virology in 1998 and was the Dean, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria between 2004 and 2006. I was Visiting Professor and Director, Chevron Biotechnology Centre, Federal University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria (2007-2008). I am actively involved in researches on viral diseases of animals and human as well as extension services. I have to my credit over eighty publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals in addition to many others presented at learned national and international conferences. I am a member of many professional bodies including, Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association (since 1983), Nigerian Society of Immunology (since 1991), World Poultry Association (since 2004), Biotechnology Society of Nigeria (since 2006), International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID) [since 2007], Association of Nigerian Professors (since 2007), American Society for Microbiology (since 2008), Member, American Society for Virology (since 2009), European Society for Virology (since 2010),International Society of Camelid Research and Development (ISOCARD) [since 2010]E-Affiliate Member, Society for Applied Microbiology (since 2010), , Veterinary Council of Nigeria (since 2004), Senate, College of Veterinary Surgeons Nigeria (2006) to mention a few. My academic pursuits have provided me with opportunities of training and research visits to many countries including Canada, USA, UK, Denmark, Norway, France, Israel, Mexico, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Togo and Benin. I continue to be actively involved in academic and professional activities as well as in University administration.

Academic positions:

PROFESSOR OF VIROLOGY AND CONSULTANT VIROLOGIST, UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA (1998 -DATE) DEAN, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA (2004-2006) DIRECTOR/COORDINATOR, CHEVRON BIOTECHNOLOGY CENTRE, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, YOLA, NIGERIA (2007-2008)

Research interests:

VIRUS DISEASES OF DOMESTIC ANIMAL AND MAN.

Any other information:

PUBLICATIONS:
A. Dissertations and Thesis

1. D.V.M. Dissertation (1983); Antemortem examination of slaughter cattle in Bodija Municipal Abattoir, Ibadan, Nigeria. Submitted to Department of Vet. Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Vet. Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2. M.Sc. Dissertation (1987): Clinical, pathological, virological and immunological responses of West African Dwarf goats (Fouta djallon) to experimental infection with Nigerian strain of Wesselsbron virus (AN 31956). Submitted to Department of Virology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
3. Ph.D. Thesis (1991): Wesselsbron virus: biological characteristics and seroepidemiological survey in Nigeria. Submitted to Department of Virology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

B. Articles that have already appeared in learned journals:

1. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H. and Olaleye, O.D. (1988): Clinical and pathological responses of West African Dwarf goats (Fouta djallon) infected with Nigerian strains of wesselsbron virus. Revue d’ élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux 41 (4), 329-335.
2. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H. and Omilabu, S.A. (1989): Wesselsbron virus infections in West African Dwarf goats (Fouta djallon): virological and immunological studies. Acta virologica 33, 81-86.
3. Olaleye, O.D., Baba, S.S. and Omilabu, S.A. (1989): Preliminary survey for antibodies against respiratory viruses among slaughter camels (Camelus dromedarius) in northeastern Nigeria. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz. 8(3), 779-783.
4. Olaleye, O.D., Oladosu, L.A., Omilabu, S.A., Baba, S.S. and Fagbami, A.H. (1989): Complement fixing antibodies against arboviruses in horses at Lagos, Nigeria. Revue d’ élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux 42(3), 321-325.
5. Baba, S.S., Omilabu, S.A., Fagbami, A.H. and Olaleye, O.D. (1990): Survey for antibodies against flaviviruses in slaughter camels (Camelus dromedarius) imported to Nigeria. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 10, 97-103.
6. Olaleye, O.D., Omilabu, S.A. and Baba, S.S. (1990): Cytomegalovirus infection among tuberculosis patients in a chest hospital. Comparative  Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 13(2), 101-106.
7. Omilabu, S.A., Adejumo, J.O., Olaleye, O.D., Fagbami, A.H. and Baba, S.S. (1990): Yellow fever haemagglutination inhibiting, neutralizing and IgM antibodies in vaccinated and unvaccinated residents of Ibadan, Nigeria. Comparative  Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 13(2), 95-100.
8. Olaleye, O.D., Omilabu, S.A. and Baba, S.S. (1990): Growth of Igbo-Ora virus in some tissue cultures. Acta Virologica 34, 367-371.
9. Olaleye, O.D., Omilabu, S.A., Baba, S.S. and Fagbami, A.H. (1990): Haemagglutination Inhibiting (HI) antibodies against strains of influenza virus in horse and pig sera in Nigeria. Journal of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Microbiology & Immunology., 34(4), 365-370.
10. Adu, F., Esan, J. and Baba, S.S. (1990): Sero-epidemiological survey for yellow fever antibodies in domestic animals. Revue roumaine de VIROLOGIE 41(3-4), 147-150.
11. Olaleye, O.D., Baba, S.S., Omilabu, S.A. and Fagbami, A.H. (1991): Haemagglutination inhibiting antibodies against influenza A and B in human sera collected from five ecological zones in Nigeria. Journal of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Microbiology & Immunology 35(4), 395-406.
12. Olaleye, O.D., Olawuyi, A.O. and Baba, S.S. (1992): Seroepidemiological studies of respiratory syncytial and adenoviruses in children in Ibadan, Nigeria, 1985-1988. Transactions of the Royal Society of  Tropical  Medicine & Hygiene 86, 294-297.
13. Baba, S.S., Akinyele, H.A. and Olaleye, O.D. (1992): Prevalence of complement fixing antibody to African horse sickness virus in domestic animals in Nigeria. Beitr. trop. Landwirtsch. Vet. Med. 30 (1992) H.4, 471-477.
14. Ajuwon, Z.A., Olaleye, O.D., Omilabu, S.A. and Baba, S.S. (1992): Complement fixing antibodies against selected viruses in diabetic patients and non-diabetic control subjects in Ibadan, Nigeria. Revue roumaine de VIROLOGIE 43 (1-2), 3-5
15. Baba, S.S. (1993): Wesselsbron virus haemagglutination: studies with erythrocyte of various animal species at different pH and temperatures. Archives of  Virology., 128, 155-161.
16. Baba, S.S. (1993): Virological and immunological studies of wesselsbron virus in experimentally infected Red Sokoto (Maradi) goats. Veterinary Microbiology., 34, 311-320.
17. Adeniji, J.A., Adu, F.D., Baba, S.S., Ayoade, G.O., Owoade, A.A., and Tomori, O. (1993): Influenza A and B antibodies in pigs and chicken populations in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian., 11, 39-45.
18. Oladosu, L.A., Olaleye, O.D., Baba, S.S. and Omilabu, S.A. (1993): Isolation and identification of African horse sickness virus during an outbreak in Lagos, Nigeria. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz. 12(3), 873-877.
19. Baba, S.S., Olaleye, O.D. and Ayanbadejo, A.O. (1993): Haemagglutination inhibiting antibody against African horse sickness virus in domestic animals in Nigeria. Veterinary Research  24, 483-487.
20. Ameh, J.A., Baba, S.S. and Ismail, F.U. (1993): Bacteriological examination of urine specimens from patients suspected of urinary tract infections in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Annals of Borno 10, 196-201.
21. Baba, S.S., Bobbo, A.G., Akoma, M.B. and Osiyemi, T.I.O. (1994): Slaughterhouse survey for antibodies against selected viruses in ruminant sera in Maiduguri, Borno sate, Nigeria. Der Tropenlandwirt, Zeitschrift für die Landwirtschaft in den Tropen und Subtropen 95, Jahrgang, April 1994, S,  55-62.
22. Baba, S.S., Ambali, A.G., Zaria, L.T. and Kalra, S. (1994): Abattoir records of slaughtered camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Nigeria. Bulletin of Animal Health & Production 42, 253-257.
23. Akoma, M.B. and Baba, S.S. (1995): Survey for infectious bursal disease antibody in free-range and commercial birds in Borno, Nigeria. Studies & Researches in Veterinary  Medicine 3, 46-48.
24. Ameh, J.A., Baba, S.S. and Apagu, S.P. (1994-95): Aerobic isolation of potential pathogens from urine of healthy people in Maiduguri. Annals of Borno 11/12, 282-286.
25. Ambali, A.G., Baba, S.S., Yaduma, A.F. and Akoma, M.B. (1995): Detection of rinderpest virus antibody in slaughter camels (Camelus dromedarius) imported into  Nigeria using agar gel immunodiffusion and complement fixation tests. West African Journal of  Biological Science 2(1&2), 86-89.
26. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H., Ojeh, C.K., Olaleye, O.D. and Omilabu, S.A. (1995): Wesselsbron virus antibody in domestic animals in Nigeria: retrospective and prospective studies. Microbiologica 18, 151-162.
27. Baba, S.S., Tekki, S. and Akoma, M.B. (1996): Preliminary survey for antibodies against some viral causes of diarrhoea in slaughter camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Borno state, Nigeria. West African Journal of  Biological Science 4(1), 56-62.
28. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H. and Olaleye, O.D. (1998). Antigenic relatedness of selected flaviviruses: study with homologous and heterologous immune mouse ascitic fluids.  Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Säo Paulo 40(6), 343-349.
29. Baba, S.S., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Akoma, M.B. (1998): Serological evidence of mixed infections with the viruses of Newcastle disease and Egg-drop Syndrome 1976 in village chickens in Borno state, Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian 16, 137-141.
30. Baba, S.S., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Ngganjiwa, S.P. (1998): serological evidence of influenza virus activities in small ruminants in Borno state Nigeria: retrospective and prospective studies. Bioscience Research Communications 10(3), 229-232.
31. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H. and Ojeh, C.K. (1999): Preliminary study on the use of solid-phase immunosorbent techniques for the rapid detection of wesselsbron virus IgM by haemagglutination-inhibition. Comparative  Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 22, 71-79.
32. Baba, M.M., Onwuka, I.S. and Baba, S.S. (1999):  Hepatitis B and C virus infections among pregnant women in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Central European  Journal of  Pubic Health 7(2), 60-62.
33. Baba, S.S. (1999): Detection of rabies virus RNA and antigen in tissues from naturally infected Nigerian dogs: in situ hybridization and Immunohistochemical studies. Revue d’ élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux 52(2), 85-91.
34. El-Yuguda, A.D., Sukare, B.A. and Baba, S.S. (1999): Newcastle disease: comparative evaluation of serological responses of wild pigeons (Columba livia) to Newcastle disease (Lasota and Komarov) vaccines. Stud Res Vet Med (Bucharest) 7: 71-75.
35. Baba, S.S. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (1999):  Newcastle disease virus in Nigeria: evidence of antigenic variations among field isolates and vaccine strains. Journal of Life and Environmental Sciences 1(1): 15-17.
36. Badau, M.H., Adeniran, A.M., Nkama, I. and Baba, S.S. (1999): Bacteriological quality of  various fresh meats sold in Maiduguri market, Nigeria. Journal of  Arid Agriculture  9: 133-141.
37. El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, S.S. (1998-1999): Preliminary survey for influenza A and B antibodies in Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria. Annals of Borno. 15/16: 325-328.
38. Baba, S.S., Fotabe, A.I., Baba, M.M. and Rimstad, E. (2000): Preliminary survey for antibodies against caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) using recombinant gag proteins: studies among small ruminant populations in northeastern Nigeria. Small Ruminant Research. 37: 137-140.
39. Baba, M.M., Moses, A.E., Adele, K.A., Ajayi, B.B., Baba, S.S. and Hassan, A.W. (2000): Detection of hepatitis B virus surface antigen and antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus among carriers and non carriers of sickle cell trait in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Nigeria Medical Journal. 39(2), September-October, 2000: 25-27.
40. El-Yuguda, A.D., Yunus, J.  and Baba, S.S. (2001): Haemagglutination properties of Newcastle disease virus strains using erythrocytes from different avian species and incubation temperatures. Nigerian Veterinary Journal.  22(2): 27-30.
41. Baba, M.M., Baba, S.S. and Omotara, B.A. (2001): Evaluation of views of adolescents towards management of AIDS patients in the northeastern Nigeria. Journal of Health Education and Sport Science. 2(2): 13-23.
42. El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, S.S. (2002). Prevalence of selected viral infections in various age groups of village chickens in Borno state, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 29(2): 245-250.
43. El-Yuguda, A.D., Atteh, J.O., Musa, A.B. and Baba, S.S. (2002): Evaluation of influenza virus haemagglutination under different temperature conditions using avian and mammalian species erythrocytes. Sahel Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 1(1): 28-31.
44. Kwasari, A.R.S. and Baba, S.S. (2002): The status of canine rabies in Borno state, Nigeria. Borno Museum Society Newsletter Nos. 50 & 51; 52 & 53: 99-112.
45. Baba, S.S., Kwabugge, Y.A. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2002): The effects of coccidiostat prophylaxis on immune response of chickens to Newcastle disease vaccine. International Network for Family Poultry Development (INFPD) Newsletter. 12(2), July –December 2002: 3-6.
46. El-Yuguda, A.D., Wasiu, A.O., Atteh, J.O. and Baba, S.S. (2003): Haemagglutinating studies on Egg Drop Syndrome 1976 virus at different temperatures using avian and mammalian erythrocytes. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 5(2): 13-15.
47. Baba, M.M., Moses, A.E., Adelowo, K.A., Ajayi, B.B., Baba, S.S. (2003): Human immunodeficiency virus infection among carriers of sickle cell trait in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Nig. J. Exp. Appl., 4(2): 119-196.
48. Baba, S.S. Undiandeye, U.J. and Abubakar, M.B. (2004): Species difference in immune responses of village poultry to Newcastle disease and infectious bursal disease vaccines. Vom Journal of Veterinary Science. 1(1): 68-77.
49. El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, S.S. (2004): An outbreak of infectious bursal disease in eight weeks old IBD vaccinated commercial poultry flock in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian, 22 (3&4): 93-98.
50. El-Yuguda, A.D., Dokas, U.M. and Baba, S.S. (2005): The effects of Newcastle disease and infectious bursal disease vaccines, climate and other factors on the village chicken population in northeastern Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 3(1): 55-57.
51. Baba, S.S., Bwala, J.P., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, M.M. (2005): Serological evidence of rabies virus infection of slaughter camels (Camelus dromedarius) imported to Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian, 23 (3&4): 78-82.
52. El-Yuguda A. D., Hassan A. K., Abubakar M. B. and Baba S. S. (2005). Antibody response of chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease vaccine (LaSota) of different haemagglutination titres. Sahel J. Vet. Sci. 4(1):13-16.
53. Ahmed, M.I., Ambali, A.G, Baba, S.S. (2006): Haematological and biochemical responses of Balami sheep to experimental Fasciola gigantica infection. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 4(2): 71-74.
54. Ajayi, B.B., Rabo, J.S. and Baba, S.S. (2006): Rabies in apparently healthy dogs: histological and immunohistochemical studies. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 13(2): 128-134.
55. Baba, S.S, (2006). Avian influenza and family poultry in Nigeria: potentials for rapid spread and continued presence of disease. International Network for Family Poultry Development (INFPD) Newsletter, 16(1), January-June, 2006: 4-8.
56. Baba, S.S, (2007). Avian influenza and family poultry in Nigeria: potentials for rapid spread and continued presence of disease. Short Contributions: Small-Scale Family Poultry Production, World’s Poultry Science Journal, 63(1): 149.
57. Baba, S.S., Iheanacho, C.C., Idris, J.M. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2006): Food-based Newcastle disease V4 vaccine in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris galeata pallas) in Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian, 22(3): 37-45.
58. El-Yuguda, A.D., Wachida, N. and Baba, S.S. (2007). Interference of Infectious bursal disease virus and vaccine with immune responses of guinea fowls to Newcastle La Sota vaccination. African journal of Biomedical research, 10: 189-192.
59. El-Yuguda, A.D., Baba, A.A. and Baba, S.S. (2007). Dog population structure and cases of rabies among dog bite victims in urban and rural areas of Borno State, Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian, 25(1): 34-40.
60. Abubakar, M.B., Sanda, A.B., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, S.S. (2008). Seroprevalence of Morbillivirus antibody and abattoir survey of one humped slaughtered camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Maiduguri Municipal abattoir, Maiduguri, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Scientific Research, 1(1): 85-89.
61. Abubakar, M.B., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, S.S. (2008). Serological evidence of Influenza Virus Infections in Domestic Animals and birds in North-Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 6(1): 67-70
62. El-Yuguda, A.D., Ngulde, I.S., Abubakar, M.B. and Baba, S.S. (2008). Village chicken health, management and production indices in selected villages in Borno Sate, Nigeria. Family Poultry, Research Report N0. 5, 17(1&2): 41-48.
63. Abubakar, M.B., El-Yuguda, A.D., Yerima, A.A., Baba, S.S. (2008) Seroprevalence of Active and Passive Immunity Against Egg Drop Syndrome 1976 (EDS`76) in Village Poultry in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Poultry Science 2:1, 58-61.
64. El-Yuguda, A.D., Nabi, A.B., Abubakar, M.B. and Baba, S.S. (2008). Prevalence of PPR cases among Sahel goats presented at the Borno State Veterinary Clinic Maiduguri, Nigeria from 1996 to 2005. Nigerian Vet. Journal 29(1): 25-29.
65. El-Yuguda, A.D., Baba, S.S. and Aliyu, A.M. (2009). Peri-domestic rodents and Lassa fever virus infection of humans in urban and rural communities in Borno State, Nigeria. Nigerian Vet. Journal 30(2): 65-70.
66. El-Yuguda, A.D., Chabiri, L.M., Adamu, F and Baba, S.S. (2009). Pestes des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) infection among small ruminants slaughtered at the central abattoir, Maiduguri, Nigeria. Sahel J. Vet. Sci., 8(2): 93-96.
67. Ibu O.J, Okoye J.O.A, Adulugba E.P, Chah K.F, Shoyinka S.V.O, Salihu E, Chukwuedo A.A, Baba S.S (2009). Prevalence of Newcastle Disease Viruses in Wild and Captive Birds in Central Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8(6): 574-578.
68. El-Yuguda, A. D., Abubakar, M. B., Nabi, A. B., Andrew, A. and Baba, S. S. (2009). Outbreak of PPR in an unvaccinated Sahel goat farm in Maiduguri, Nigeria. J. Biomed. Res. 12: 83 – 87
69. Ahmed M.I., Ambali, A.G and Baba, S.S. (2010). Tissue responses of Clarias gariepinus (Cat.sh) to experimental Eimeria subepithelialis infection. Veterinary Parasitology 171: 181-184.
70. El-Yuguda, A. D, Abubakar, M. B., Baba, S. S. and Ngangnou, A. (2010). Competitive Elisa Rinderpest Virus Antibody in Slaughtered Camels (Camelus dromedarius):  Implication for Rinderpest Virus Elimination from Nigeria. Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 13 (January 2010) 83 – 85.
71. Ibu O.J, Okoye J.O.A, Baba S.S, Soyinka S.V.O, Chah K.F, Antiabong J, Eze D, Salihu E.A, Oladele S.B. (2010). Thermostability Profile of Newcastle Disease Viruses Isolated from Wild Birds in Central Nigeria and the Selection of a Thermostable Clone from the Sub-Population. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9(8): 791-

C. Articles that have already appeared in refereed conference Proceedings:

72. Tomori, O., Baba, S., Adu, F. and Adeniji, J. (1991): An overview and perspective on orbivirus disease prevalence and occurrence of vectors in Africa, p 23-33. In: TE Walton and BI Osburn (ed.), Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Bluetongue, African Horse Sickness, and Related Orbiviruses, Paris, June 17-21, 1991. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla.
73. Baba, S.S., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Dokas, U.M. (2004): The effects of Newcastle disease and infectious bursal disease vaccines, climate and other factors on the village chicken population in northeastern Nigeria. Proceedings of the 41st Congress of Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, NVRI, Vom, Nigeria, 22nd-26th November 2004, pp 72-73.
74. Baba, S.S., Iheanacho, C.C. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2005). Food-based Newcastle disease V4 vaccine in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris galeata pallas) in Nigeria: efficacy trials using locally available feedstuff as vaccine vehicles. The Proceedings of the 1st Nigeria International Poultry Summit (NIPS), The Temperance, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria, February 20-25, 2005, pp 190-196.
75. El-Yuguda, A.D., Baba, S.S., Abubakar, M.B. and Yerima, A.A. (2005). Seroprevalence of active and passive immunity against egg drop syndrome 1976 (EDS-76 in village poultry in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005. pp 53-56.
76. Abubakar, M.B., Baba, S.S., Sanda, A.B. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2005). Seroprevalence of rinderpest antibody and abattoir survey of slaughtered camels in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005. pp 56-59.
77. Abubakar, M.B., Baba, S.S., Ambali, A.G. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2005). Seroprevalence of influenza virus types A and B infections in domestic animals and birds in northeastern Nigeria. Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005. pp 59-64.
78. Baba, S.S., Bouba, S, Abubakar M.B., Awa, D., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Andre, N. (2005). Immune response of village chicken to Newcastle disease following vaccination with a single dose or combined Newcastle disease (ND) Fowl cholera and Fowl typhoid vaccine (MultivaxR). Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005. pp 201-203.
79. Baba, S.S., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Dokas, U.A. (2005): Village chicken population in Nigeria: studies on the effects of Newcastle disease and infectious bursal disease vaccines, climate and other factors. Proceedings of the First Nigeria International Poultry Summit (NIPS), The Temperance, Ota, Ogun state, Nigeria, February 20-25, 2005, pp 49-53.
80. El-Yuguda, A.D. and Baba, S.S. (2007). Antibody responses of village chickens to single or combined viral vaccines: effects of maternal antibodies and vaccine interaction. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the Association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France, 19-22 August, 2007, pp 215-220.
81. Baba, S.S., Souley, H.E., Aboubakar, Y., Zoyem, N., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Abubakar, M.B. (2007). The roles of husbandry and respiratory infections in the productivity of small ruminants in northern Cameroon. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France, 19-22, August, 2007, pp 128.
82. Baba, S.S., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Abubakar, M.B. (2007). Avian influenza in Nigeria: increasing spread with potentials for endemicity. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France, 19-22, August, 2007, pp 129.
83. Baba, S.S., El-Yuguda, A.D., Egwu, G.O., Ribadu, A.Y., Ambali, A.G., Abubakar, M.D., Ibrahim, U.I and Zoyem, N. (2007). Development and evaluation of the efficacy of heat tolerant peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccine in Nigeria. Proceedings of International Conference on Adaptive Science & Technology (ICAST 2007), 10-12 December 2007, Gimpa campus, Accra, Ghana.

D. Academic conferences/seminars/workshops presentations Oral Presentation:

84. Baba, S.S. and EL-Yuguda, A.D. (1995): Newcastle disease virus in Nigeria: evidence of antigenic variations among field isolates and vaccine strains. Abstract, 19th Annual Scientific Conference, Association of Medical Laboratory Scientists of Nigeria, Maiduguri, Nigeria, October 19-21.
85. Baba, S.S. (2000): Diagnosing flavivirus infections in endemic areas of Africa: the continued problem of antigenic cross-reactivity. Abstract, Congreso Nacional (Segunda reuníon) de la Rama de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular de Virus, Guanajuato, Gto., Mexico, Jan. 19-21, 2000
86. Baba, S.S. (2004): Health and diseases of rural poultry in Nigeria.           An invited paper delivered at the National Workshop on the potentials of rural poultry as a tool in poverty reduction and sustainable development held in Calabar, Cross River state, 25-27 August 2004.
87. Baba, S.S. (2005): Development of thermostable genetically engineered vaccine in arid and semi-arid zones of Nigeria. 1st International Conference on Bridging the Digital and Scientific Divides: Forging Partnerships with the Nigerian Diaspora, Nigerian National Volunteer Service (NNVS) and Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, Abuja, Nigeria. July 25-27, 2005.
88. Baba, S.S. , Bouba, S., Abubakar, M.B., Awa, D., El-Yuguda, A.D. and Andre, N. (2005): Immune response of village chickens to Newcastle disease following vaccination with a single dose of combined Newcastle disease, fowl cholera and fowl typhoid vaccine (MultivaxR). Abstract,42nd Annual Congress, Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005.
89. El-Yuguda, A.D., Baba, S.S., Abubakar, M.B. and Yerima, A.A. (2005): Seroprevalence of active and passive immunity against egg drop syndrome (EDS-76) in village poultry in Nigeria. Abstract,42nd Annual Congress, Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005.
90. Abubakar, M.B., Baba, S.S., Sanda, A.B. and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2005): Seroprevalence of rinderpest virus antibody and abattoir survey of slaughtered camels in Maiduguri Municipal Abattoir, Maiduguri, Nigeria. Abstract,42nd Annual Congress, Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005.
91. Abubakar, M.B., Baba, S.S., and El-Yuguda, A.D. (2005): Seroprevalence of influenza virus types A and B infections in domestic animals in northeastern Nigeria. Abstract,42nd Annual Congress, Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, November 14-18, 2005.
92. Baba, S.S. (2006): Development of thermostable genetically engineered vaccine and/or inclusion of time-temperature indicator as a means of ensuring efficacious vaccination in arid and semi-arid zones of Nigeria: A concept note. A paper presented at the Conference on Bridging the Digital and Scientific Divides: Forging Partnership with Nigerian Diaspora, Abuja, July 25th – 28th, 2005
93. Baba, S.S. (2006): Avian influenza in Nigeria: present situation and assessment of prevention and control paradigms. Faculty Seminar Series, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, March 03, 2006.
94. Baba, S.S. (2006): Priority and common diseases of livestock in Borno State of Nigeria. Stakeholders’ Workshop on Pilot Community Animal Health Workers’ Scheme in Borno State, Nigeria organized by PROSAB and ILRI, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. May 30, 2006 .
95. Baba, S.S. (2007): Agricultural research and development strategies for achieving the millennium development goals. An invited keynote address delivered at the opening ceremony of the In-house review meeting of the Lake Chad Research Institute and Zonal Research Extension Farmer Linkage System (REFILS) workshop held  at Lake Chad Research Institute, Maiduguri, 8-11 May, 2007.

Poster Presentation:

96. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H., Ojeh, C.K. and Olaleye, O.D. (1993):  Antigenic relatedness of selected flaviviruses:  Study with homologous and heterologous sera.  Abstract, IXth International Congress of Virology, Glasgow, Scotland, August 8-13, 1993, p. 149.
97. Baba, S.S. and Jackson, A.C. (1996): Distribution of rabies virus RNA and antigen in tissues from naturally infected Nigerian dogs: in situ hybridization and Immunohistochemical studies. Abstract, Xth International Congress of Virology, Jerusalem, Israel, August 11-16, 1996, p. 242.
98. Baba, S.S., Fotabe, A.I., Baba, M.M. and Rimstad, E. (2000): Survey for antibodies against caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) using recombinant gag proteins: studies among small ruminant populations in northeastern Nigeria. Abstract, Congreso Nacional (Segunda reuníon) de la Rama de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular de Virus, Guanajuato, Gto., Mexico, Jan. 19-21, 2000.
99. Baba, S. S., El-Yuguda, A. D. and Dokas, U. M. (2001): Prospective studies on the effects of Newcastle disease and infectious bursal disease vaccines, climate and other factors on the village chicken population in northeastern Nigeria. Abstract, 10th International AITVM Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark 20-23 August 2001.
100. Baba, S.S., D. E. C.  Tefiang. D.E.Awa, D.N. and El-Yuguda,A.D. (2001): Profile of acquired and maternal immune responses in small ruminants following vaccination with homologous Pestes des Petits Ruminants (PPR) vaccine (Capripestovax). Abstract, 10th International AITVM Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark 20-23 August 2001.
101. Baba S.S, C.C. Iheanacho., J.M. Idris. and A.D. El-Yuguda (2001): Food-based Newcastle disease V4 vaccine in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris galeata) in Nigeria: efficacy trials using locally available feed as vaccine vehicles. Abstract, 10th International AITVM Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark 20-23 August 2001.
102. Baba S.S., C.C. Iheanacho., J.M. Idris, And A.D. El-Yuguda (2005): Food-based Newcastle disease V4 vaccine in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris galeata) in Nigeria: efficacy trials using locally available feed as vaccine vehicles. Proceedings of the First Nigeria International Poultry Summit (NIPS), The Temperance, Ota, Ogun state, Nigeria, February 20-25, 2005, pp 190-196.
103. Bukbuk, D., Saijo, M., Georges-Courbot, M., Marianneau, P., George, A., Shuetsu, F., Mizutani, T., Kurata, T., Kurane, I., Baba, S.S. and Morikawa, S (2009): The Diagnosis and Seroepidemiological Study of Lassa Fever Using a Recombinant Nucleocapsid Protein. Abstracts, 109th General Meeting, American Society for Microbiology, Pennsylvania Convention Center, USA, May 17-21, 2009.

Research Report:

104. Baba, S.S., Fagbami, A.H. and Ojeh, C.K. (1994): Preliminary studies on the use of solid-phase immunosorbent technique for the rapid detection of wesselsbron virus IgM by haemagglutination-inhibition. Arthropod Borne Virus Information Exchange, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, June 1994 edition.
105. Akoma, M.B. and Baba, S.S. (1994): Survey for infectious bursal disease (Gumboro) virus antibody in free range and commercial birds in Borno state, Nigeria. African Network for rural Poultry Development Newsletter, 4(1): June 1994 issue.

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